SolveYourProblem Article Series: Pregnancy
Pregnancy: Everything You Need To Know

     

     

What If You Can't Conceive a Baby?

So, you have decided to work on a family; however you have noticed a problem. You have been trying for months, maybe even a year, yet still no luck. There are many reasons why this could be happening. It is possible that infertility is an issue. Here is a look at the possible reasons for infertility, and your failed attempts to conceive. The most fertile time for a woman is ovulation time, a segment around the 14th day of her cycle. Due to varying times of women’s cycles, it is difficult to place an exact date that would be most fertile for every woman.

The egg is captured by a fallopian tube and is viable for up to 24 hours. However, its best chance of being fertilized is within the first twelve hours following ovulation. To obtain successful conception, the sperm and egg must meet in the fallopian tube. Sperm generally have a window of approximately 72 hours, and must be in the tube to intercept the egg. When the egg is indeed fertilized, it begins its trip to the uterus and within two to four days, it will attach itself to the uterine wall or lining, as it is known. The nine-month journey begins.

The matter of infertility is common in women, however, less prevalent than in men. Many reasons and conditions can cause infertility. Sometimes problems involving hormones, diseases, or organ infections can directly interfere with fertility. However, there are solutions - so don't be discouraged.

Some causes of fertility issues in men include:

Low sperm concentration. A normal sperm concentration is greater than or equal to 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. A count of 10 million or fewer sperm per milliliter of semen indicates low sperm concentration (sub fertility). A count of 40 million sperm or higher per milliliter of semen indicates increased fertility.

Impaired shape and movement of sperm, sperm must be properly shaped and able to move rapidly and accurately toward the egg for fertilization to occur. If the shape and structure (morphology) of the sperm are abnormal or the movement (motility) is impaired, sperm may not be able to reach the egg.

Abnormal sperm production or function, most cases of male infertility are due to sperm abnormalities.

Testosterone deficiency (male hypogonadism) Infertility can result from disorders of the testicles themselves, or an abnormality affecting the hypothalamus or pituitary glands in the brain that produce the hormones that control the testicles. In many instances, no cause for reduced sperm production is found. When sperm concentration is less than 5 million per milliliter of semen, genetic causes could be involved. A blood test can reveal whether there are subtle changes in the Y chromosome.

General health and lifestyle, a man's general health and lifestyle may affect fertility.

 

Some common causes of infertility related to health and lifestyle include:

Stress, problem with fertility itself can sometimes become long term and discouraging, producing more stress. Infertility can affect social relationships and sexual functioning.

Emotional stress. Stress may interfere with certain hormones needed to produce sperm.

Malnutrition. Deficiencies in nutrients such as vitamin C, selenium, zinc and foliate may contribute to infertility.

Obesity. Increased body mass may be associated with fertility problems in men.

Age. A gradual decline in fertility is common in men older than 35.

Tobacco smoking. Men who smoke may have a lower sperm count than do those who don't smoke.

Alcohol and drugs, alcohol or drug dependency can be associated with general ill health and reduced fertility. The use of certain drugs also can contribute to infertility. Anabolic steroids, for example, which are taken to stimulate muscle strength and growth, can cause the testicles to shrink and sperm production to decrease.

Causes of female infertility:

The most recognized reasons for infertility in women include...

  • Endometriosis
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Elevated prolactin
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Benign uterine fibroids and pelvic adhesions
  • Early menopause

Attempts to restore fertility in men include:

The general sexual problems can be treated in many fashions. Checking for premature ejaculation, or impotence, can be fixed by way of medication, sometimes even with behavioral modification. When low sperm count is an issue, you can seek an urologist, to run sperm count tests, and they will often prescribe medication to remedy. If it is a case of the woman having an issue with fertility, there are many options to check into.

Fertility drugs (ovulation induction):

Drugs are the main treatment for the cure of infertility in women, as many underlying issues pertain to ovulation malfunctions. The medications prescribed to women are meant to restore ovulation, or in some cases give it a boost. Natural follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), is what these drugs are meant to mimic. Some of the most common drugs are as follows, Clomiphene citrate this orally taken pill, is meant to boost ovulation in women who have ovulatory malfunctions. It is useful to induce the body to release vital FSH and LH hormones. Human menopausal gonadotropin this is an injection which is meant to induce menstruation in women whom have an inactive pituitary gland. Follicle stimulating hormone or FSH (Gonal-F, Follistim, Bravelle) works by causing ovaries to produce mature egg follicles. Metformin This drug to be taken orally, is used to stimulate ovulation

Finally, you might consider one more practice, the use of surgery. Surgery may be an option for infertility. When there are issues with fallopian tubes, they can be repaired by way of laparoscopy surgery. It is more difficult to deal with endometriosis; usually the method of choice is ovulation therapy. In-vitro fertilization is one more option, whereas an egg and the sperm are combined in a lab, and then inserted into the uterus.

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